Sabtu, 27 November 2010

HYPERBARIC MEDICINE CONSULTANT: Buku referensi yang perlu di ketahui untuk mengenal hiperbarik

HYPERBARIC MEDICINE CONSULTANT: Buku referensi yang perlu di ketahui untuk mengenal hiperbarik

Buku referensi yang perlu di ketahui untuk mengenal hiperbarik

1. ^ a b Gesell, Laurie B. (Chair and editor) (2008). Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Indications. The Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Committee Report (12 ed.). Durham, NC: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. ISBN 0930406230.
2. ^ Jørgensen TB, Sørensen AM, Jansen EC (April 2008). "Iatrogenic systemic air embolism treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy". Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 52 (4): 566–8. doi:10.1111/j.1399-6576.2008.01598.x. PMID 18339163.
3. ^ The Cochrane Reviews. "The Cochrane Reviews". Retrieved 2008-05-16.
4. ^ "HBOT Proposal to Congress".
5. ^ Harch, Paul. The Oxygen Revolution. Hatherleigh Press. ISBN 978-1-57826-237-3.
6. ^ "Indications for hyperbaric oxygen therapy". Undersea & Hyperbaric Medical Society. 2007. Retrieved 5 February 2010.
7. ^ Textbook of Hyperbaric Medicine KK Jane, 5th Edition, 2010
8. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Air or Gas Embolism". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
9. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Carbon Monoxide". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
10. ^ Piantadosi CA (2004). "Carbon monoxide poisoning". Undersea Hyperb Med 31 (1): 167–77. PMID 15233173. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
11. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Cyanide Poisoning". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
12. ^ Hall AH, Rumack BH (September 1986). "Clinical toxicology of cyanide". Ann Emerg Med 15 (9): 1067–74. doi:10.1016/S0196-0644(86)80131-7. PMID 3526995. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
13. ^ Takano T, Miyazaki Y, Nashimoto I, Kobayashi K (September 1980). "Effect of hyperbaric oxygen on cyanide intoxication: in situ changes in intracellular oxidation reduction". Undersea Biomed Res 7 (3): 191–7. PMID 7423657. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
14. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Clostridal Myositis and Myonecrosis (Gas gangrene)". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
15. ^ Hart GB, Strauss MB (1990). "Gas Gangrene - Clostridial Myonecrosis: A Review". J. Hyperbaric Med 5 (2): 125–144. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
16. ^ Zamboni WA, Riseman JA, Kucan JO (1990). "Management of Fournier's Gangrene and the role of Hyperbaric Oxygen". J. Hyperbaric Med 5 (3): 177–186. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
17. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Crush Injury, Compartment syndrome, and other Acute Traumatic Ischemias". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
18. ^ Bouachour G, Cronier P, Gouello JP, Toulemonde JL, Talha A, Alquier P (August 1996). "Hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of crush injuries: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial". J Trauma 41 (2): 333–9. PMID 8760546. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
19. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Decompression Sickness or Illness and Arterial Gas Embolism". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
20. ^ Brubakk, A. O.; T. S. Neuman (2003). Bennett and Elliott's physiology and medicine of diving, 5th Rev ed.. United States: Saunders Ltd.. p. 800. ISBN 0702025712.
21. ^ Acott, C. (1999). "A brief history of diving and decompression illness". South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society Journal 29 (2). ISSN 0813-1988. OCLC 16986801. Retrieved 2008-03-18.
22. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Enhancement of Healing in Selected Problem Wounds". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
23. ^ Zamboni WA, Wong HP, Stephenson LL, Pfeifer MA (September 1997). "Evaluation of hyperbaric oxygen for diabetic wounds: a prospective study". Undersea Hyperb Med 24 (3): 175–9. PMID 9308140. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
24. ^ Kranke P, Bennett M, Roeckl-Wiedmann I, Debus S (2004). "Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for chronic wounds". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (2): CD004123. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004123.pub2. PMID 15106239.
25. ^ Abidia A, Laden G, Kuhan G, et al. (June 2003). "The role of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in ischaemic diabetic lower extremity ulcers: a double-blind randomised-controlled trial". Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 25 (6): 513–8. doi:10.1053/ejvs.2002.1911. PMID 12787692.
26. ^ Kalani M, Jörneskog G, Naderi N, Lind F, Brismar K (2002). "Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy in treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. Long-term follow-up". J. Diabetes Complicat. 16 (2): 153–8. doi:10.1016/S1056-8727(01)00182-9. PMID 12039398.
27. ^ Chen, J (2003). "The Effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy on Diabetic Retinopathy". Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 44 (5): 4017–B720. Retrieved 16 December 2008.
28. ^ Chang, Yun-Hsiang et al; Chen, PL; Tai, MC; Chen, CH; Lu, DW; Chen, JT (006). "Hyperbaric oxygen therapy ameliorates the blood–retinal barrier breakdown in diabetic retinopathy". Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology 34 (6): 584–589. doi:10.1111/j.1442-9071.2006.01280.x. PMID 16925707. Retrieved 16 December 2008.
29. ^ Basile C, Montanaro A, Masi M, Pati G, De Maio P, Gismondi A (2002). "Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for calcific uremic arteriolopathy: a case series". J. Nephrol. 15 (6): 676–80. PMID 12495283.
30. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Exceptional Blood Loss - Anemia". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
31. ^ Hart GB, Lennon PA, Strauss MB. (1987). "Hyperbaric oxygen in exceptional acute blood-loss anemia". J. Hyperbaric Med 2 (4): 205–210. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
32. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Intracranial Abscess". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
33. ^ Lampl LA, Frey G, Dietze T, Trauschel M. (1989). "Hyperbaric Oxygen in Intracranial Abscesses". J. Hyperbaric Med 4 (3): 111–126. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
34. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
35. ^ Escobar SJ, Slade JB, Hunt TK, Cianci P (2005). "Adjuvant hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) for treatment of necrotizing fasciitis reduces mortality and amputation rate". Undersea Hyperb Med 32 (6): 437–43. PMID 16509286. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
36. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Refractory Osteomyelitis". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
37. ^ Mader JT, Adams KR, Sutton TE (1987). "Infectious diseases: pathophysiology and mechanisms of hyperbaric oxygen". J. Hyperbaric Med 2 (3): 133–140. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
38. ^ Kawashima M, Tamura H, Nagayoshi I, Takao K, Yoshida K, Yamaguchi T (2004). "Hyperbaric oxygen therapy in orthopedic conditions". Undersea Hyperb Med 31 (1): 155–62. PMID 15233171. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
39. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Hyperbaric Ocxgen Treatments for Complications of radiation Therapy". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
40. ^ Zhang, L. D.; J. F. Kang; H. L. Xue. (1990). "Distribution of lesions in the head and neck of the humerus and the femur in dysbaric osteonecrosis". Undersea Biomed. Res. 17 (4): 353–358. ISSN 0093-5387. OCLC 2068005. PMID 2396333. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
41. ^ Lafforgue, P., Pathophysiology and natural history of avascular necrosis of bone. Joint Bone Spine, 2006. 73(5): p. 500–7.
42. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Skin Grafts and Flaps Compromised". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
43. ^ McFarlane RM, Wermuth RE (May 1966). "The use of hyperbaric oxygen to prevent necrosis in experimental pedicle flaps and composite skin grafts". Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 37 (5): 422–30. doi:10.1097/00006534-196605000-00008. PMID 5327032.
44. ^ Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Thermal Burns". Retrieved 2008-05-19.
45. ^ Cianci P, Lueders H, Lee H, Shapiro R, Sexton J, Williams C, Green B (1988). "Adjunctive Hyperbaric Oxygen Reduces the Need for Surgery in 40–80% Burns". J. Hyperbaric Med 3 (2): 97–101. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
46. ^ Taylor RS, Simpson IN (September 2005). "Review of treatment options for lyme borreliosis". J Chemother 17 Suppl 2: 3–16. PMID 16315580. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
47. ^ Bennett MH, Wasiak J, Schnabel A, Kranke P, French C (2005). "Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for acute ischaemic stroke". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (3): CD004954. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004954.pub2. PMID 16034959.
48. ^ Jain KK (1989). "Effect of Hyperbaric Oxygenation on Spasticity in Stroke Patients.". J. Hyperbaric Med 4 (2): 55–61. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
49. ^ Singhal AB, Lo EH (February 2008). "Advances in emerging nondrug therapies for acute stroke 2007". Stroke 39 (2): 289–91. doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.511485. PMID 18187678. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
50. ^ Bennett MH, French C, Schnabel A, Wasiak J, Kranke P (2008). "Normobaric and hyperbaric oxygen therapy for migraine and cluster headache". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (3): CD005219. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD005219.pub2. PMID 18646121.
51. ^ Eftedal OS, Lydersen S, Helde G, White L, Brubakk AO, Stovner LJ (2004). "A randomized, double blind study of the prophylactic effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on migraine". Cephalalgia 24 (8): 639–44. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2982.2004.00724.x. PMID 15265052.
52. ^ Fife WP, Fife CE (1989). "Treatment of Migraine with Hyperbaric Oxygen.". J. Hyperbaric Med 4 (1): 7–15. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
53. ^ Rossignol DA, Rossignol LW, Smith S et al. (2009). "Hyperbaric treatment for children with autism: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial" (PDF). BMC Pediatrics 9: 21. doi:10.1186/1471-2431-9-21. PMID 19284641. PMC 2662857. Lay summary – BBC News (2009-03-14).
54. ^ Baechli H, Schmutz J, Mayr JM (2008). "Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) for the treatment of an epidural abscess in the posterior fossa in an 8-month-old infant". Pediatr Neurosurg 44 (3): 239–42. doi:10.1159/000121383. PMID 18354266.
55. ^ Suzuki H, Fujimura T, Shiomori T, et al. (June 2008). "Prostaglandin E1 versus steroid in combination with hyperbaric oxygen therapy for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss". Auris Nasus Larynx 35 (2): 192–7. doi:10.1016/j.anl.2007.06.003. PMID 17826927.
56. ^ Yoshida, Takahiro et al.; Kawashima, A; Ujike, T; Uemura, M; Nishimura, K; Miyoshi, S (2008). "Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis". International Journal of Urology 15 (7): 639–641. doi:10.1111/j.1442-2042.2008.02053.x. PMID 18643783.
57. ^ Noyer, Charles M. et al.; Brandt, LJ (2004). "Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for perineal Crohn's disease". The American Journal of Gastroenterology 94 (2): 318–321. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.1999.00848.x. PMID 10022622.
58. ^ Atug, Ozlen et al.; Hamzaoglu, H; Tahan, V; Alican, I; Kurtkaya, O; Elbuken, E; Ozdogan, O; Tozun, N (2008). "Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Is as Effective as Dexamethasone in the Treatment of TNBS-E-Induced Experimental Colitis". Digestive Diseases and Sciences 53 (2): 481–485. doi:10.1007/s10620-007-9956-4. PMID 17934837.
59. ^ Ustundag, Aylin et al.; Duydu, Y; Aydin, A; Eken, A; Dundar, K; Uzun, G (2008). "Evaluation of the potential genotoxic effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy". Toxicology Letters 180 (Supplement 1): S142. doi:10.1016/j.toxlet.2008.06.792.
60. ^ Mortensen, Christian Risby (2008). "Hyperbaric oxygen therapy". Current Anaesthesia & Critical Care (Elsevier) 19 (5–6): 333–337. doi:10.1016/j.cacc.2008.07.007.
61. ^ "Portable Hyperbaric Chambers | Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber | Hyperbaric Oxygen". Retrieved 2010-09-25.
62. ^ U.S. Navy Supervisor of Diving (2008). U.S. Navy Diving Manual. SS521-AG-PRO-010, revision 6. U.S. Naval Sea Systems Command. pp. 37–49. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
63. ^ "Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society". Retrieved 2010-09-25.
64. ^ "Diving Physics". Retrieved 2010-09-25.
65. ^ "Currently Accepted Applications of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT)". HyperbaricsRx. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
66. ^ Broome JR, Smith DJ (November 1992). "Pneumothorax as a complication of recompression therapy for cerebral arterial gas embolism". Undersea Biomed Res 19 (6): 447–55. PMID 1304671. Retrieved 2008-05-23.
67. ^ a b Fitzpatrick DT, Franck BA, Mason KT, Shannon SG (1999). "Risk factors for symptomatic otic and sinus barotrauma in a multiplace hyperbaric chamber". Undersea Hyperb Med 26 (4): 243–7. PMID 10642071. Retrieved 2008-05-23.
68. ^ Fiesseler FW, Silverman ME, Riggs RL, Szucs PA (2006). "Indication for hyperbaric oxygen treatment as a predictor of tympanostomy tube placement". Undersea Hyperb Med 33 (4): 231–5. PMID 17004409. Retrieved 2008-05-23.
69. ^ Stein, L (2000). "Dental Distress. The ‘Diving Dentist’ Addresses the Problem of a Diving-Related Toothache" (PDF). Alert Diver (January/ February): 45–48. Retrieved 2008-05-23.
70. ^ Smerz, R.W. (2004). "Incidence of oxygen toxicity during the treatment of dysbarism". Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine 31 (2): 199–202. PMID 15485081. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
71. ^ Butler FK (1995). "Diving and hyperbaric ophthalmology". Surv Ophthalmol 39 (5): 347–66. doi:10.1016/S0039-6257(05)80091-8. PMID 7604359.
72. ^ Butler FK, White E, Twa M (1999). "Hyperoxic myopia in a closed-circuit mixed-gas scuba diver". Undersea Hyperb Med 26 (1): 41–5. PMID 10353183. Retrieved 2008-05-23.
73. ^ Gesell LB, Adams BS, and Kob DG (2000). "De Novo Cataract Development Following A Standard Course Of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy". Undersea Hyperb Med abstract 27 (supplement). Retrieved 2008-06-01.
74. ^ Lehm Jan P, Bennett Michael H (2003). "Predictors of middle ear barotrauma associated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy". South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society Journal 33: 127–133. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
75. ^ Broome JR, Smith DJ (November 1992). "Pneumothorax as a complication of recompression therapy for cerebral arterial gas embolism". Undersea Biomed Res 19 (6): 447–55. PMID 1304671. Retrieved 2008-05-23.
76. ^ CAMJ (2008). "Fracture of the maxillary bone during hyperbaric oxygen therapy". Retrieved 17 December 2008.
77. ^ Takenaka S, Arimura T, Higashi M, Nagayama T, Ito E (August 1980). "Experimental study of bleomycin therapy in combination with hyperbaric oxygenation". Nippon Gan Chiryo Gakkai Shi 15 (5): 864–75. PMID 6159432.
78. ^ Stubbs JM, Johnson EG, Thom SR (2005). "Trends Of Treating Patients, That Have Received Bleomycin Therapy In The Past, With Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment (Hbot) And A Survey Of Considered Absolute Contraindications To Hbot". Undersea Hyperb Med abstract 32 (supplement). Retrieved 2008-05-23.
79. ^ Feldmeier J, Carl U, Hartmann K, and Sminia P. (Spring 2003). "Hyperbaric Oxygen: Does it promote growth or recurrence of malignancy?". Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine 30 (1): 1–18. PMID 12841604.
80. ^ McDonagh M, Helfand M, Carson S, Russman BS. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for traumatic brain injury: a systematic review of the evidence. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004;85:1198–204.
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84. ^ a b Collet, J.P., Vanasse, M., Marois, P., Amar, M., Goldberg, J., Lambert, J. et al. (2001) Hyperbaric oxygen for children with cerebral palsy: A randomized multicentre trial. The Lancet, 357, 582–586.
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[edit] Further reading

* Kindwall, Eric P; Whelan, Harry T (2008). Hyperbaric Medicine Practice, 3rd Edition. Flagstaff, AZ: Best Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1-930536-49-4.
* Mathieu, Daniel (2006). Handbook on Hyperbaric Medicine. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 1-4020-4376-7.
* Jain, KK; Baydin, SA (2004). Textbook of hyperbaric medicine. Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe & Huber. ISBN 0-88937-277-2.
* Harch, Paul G; McCullough, Virginia (2010). The Oxygen Revolution. Long Island City, NY: Hatherleigh Press. ISBN 1578263263.

[edit] External links

* Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy from eMedicine
* Conditions treated by Hyperbaric Medicine

dr.erick supondha (dokter konsultan ahli hiperbarik)

Diabetes, Wound Healing, And Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber Therapy

Diabetes, Wound Healing, And Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber Therapy

According to the American Diabetes Association, diabetes is a disease in which the body does is not able to produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that are bodies need to converts sugar, starches and other food into energy that we need for daily life. Although both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play a role in having diabetes, the cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery.

There are about 23.6 million children and adults in the United States or 7.8% of the population ho suffer from diabetes. While there are an estimate of 17.9 million who have been diagnosed of diabetes, there are also 5.7 million people who are unaware that they have diabetes.

And example of how diabetes affects our bodies is diabetic foot wounds. Individuals who have diabetes suffer circulatory disorders that create inadequate levels of oxygen to support the healing of wounds. These wounds present major complications for modern health care and especially with the foot as it is a common site of infection. In Canada, there is an estimated 25% Canadians with diabetes who develop foot complications and 1 in 15 end up having a limb amputation during their lifetime.

Is diabetes a hopeless case? What could help in the cure for diabetes and wound healing? The answer to the first question is that diabetes is not a hopeless case, the second answer would be oxygen. Oxygen is one of the most powerful and versatile agents available to the modern medical practitioner today. The therapeutic use of oxygen under pressure has been used to assist in the healing of wounds for almost 40 years. This therapeutic use of oxygen under pressure is called hyperbaric oxygen chamber therapy (HBOT) and in the following paragraphs are its specific biological actions which can enhance diabetes and wound healing.

HBOT can be used successfully in hypoxic or ischemic wounds such as diabetic wounds,venous static ulcers, failing flaps and grafts, refractory osteomylitis and necrotising soft tissue infections. In wound healing, hypoxia delivers an insufficient supply of oxygen which prevents normal healing processes.

HBOT combats clinical infection such as gas gangrene by directly acting on the anaerobic bacteria, enhancing leukocyte and macrophage activity while potentiating the effects of antibiotics.

HBOT provides the oxygen needed to support and stimulate wound healing. HBOT is safe, non-invasive and a non-toxic therapy.

HBOT is also very much accessible. Single bag hyperbaric chambers are sold at $12,900 and double bag chambers are at $16,900. Single bag hyperbaric chambers can also be rented at $2,000 a month and $2,,675 for double bag chambers.

Both hyperbaric bag chambers measure over 34 inches in diameter and 105 inches long. These chambers can easily fit both adult and child at the same time.

Start spreading the word about HBOT and start helping lives as we

fr:Balanced Health Today

hiperbarik untuk diabetus/kencing manis (dr.erick supondha; dokter konsultan ahli hiperbarik)

Migraine Treated with Hyperbaric Oxygen Chambers

Migraine Treated with Hyperbaric Oxygen Chambers

Migrane is demonstrated as a severe periodic, unilateral, pulsatile headache associated with nausea, malaise, vomiting and photophobia. Factors that often precipitate attack are environmental stimuli such as emotional stress, strenuous physical exercise, too much sleep or sleep deprivation, some food (chocolate, aged cheese, nuts), alcohol (especially red wine), medical conditions and medication (antihypertensive drugs, contraceptive drugs, nitroglycerin).

In pathogenesis of migraine, vascular and biochemical changes play important role. First phase is vasospasm accompanied with reduction in blood flow causing ischemia and edema of intracranial vessels. Second phase is vasodilatation (extracranial vessels) with hyperemia (an increased amount of blood in a part or organ) and platelet aggregation that impairs microcirculation leading to pain.

There are reports of successful experimental use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in migraine due to following HBO effects:

• HBO relieves pain by vasoconstriction of cerebral vessels

• HBO reduces hypoxia and increases oxygenation of brain

• HBO reduces swelling caused by inflammatory response in ischemic vessels

• HBO improves microcirculation by decreasing platelet aggregation


1. Di Sabato F et al.: Effect of hyperbaric oxygen on the immunoreactivity to substance P in the nasal mucosal of cluster headache patients Headache, 1996,36: 221-223

2. Di Sabato F et al.: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy in cluster headache, Pain 1993, 52; 243-245

3. Di Sabato F et al.: Hyperbaric oxygen in chronic cluster headaches, Undearsea & Hyperbaric Medicine 1997, 24: 117-122

4. Fife WP et al.: Treatment of migraine with hyperbaric oxygen, Journal of Hyperbaric Med 4: 7-15; 1989.

5. Jain KK et al.: Hyperacute hyperbaric oxygen therapy for cerebral ischemia, Undearsea & Hyperbaric Medical Society 1998

6. Myers DE et al.: A preliminary report on hyperbaric oxygen in the relief of migraine headache, Headache, ,35: 197-199, 1995.

7. Pascual J et al.: Preventive effects of hyperbaric oxygen in cluster headache, Headache, 1995,35: 260-261

8. Robbins L et al.: Menstrual migraine with feature of cluster headache, Headache, 1996,36: 166-167

9. Thomsen LL et al.: Cerebral blood flow velocities are reduced during attacks of unilateral migraine without aura, Cephalalgia, 1995, 15: 77-78

10. Shalkevic VB et al.: Use of hyperbaric oxygenation in the therapy of transiet cerebral circulatory disturbances in the vertebro-basilar system, Abstracts of 7th international congress on HBO medicine.USSR Academy of Sciences, Moskow pp 294-295

11. Sukoff MH et al.: Hyperbaric oxygenation for the treatment of acute cerebral edema, Neurosurg 10 (1): 29-38

12. Weiss LD et al.: Treatment of cluster headaches in a hyperbaric chamber, Headache, 1989 29: 109-110

13. Wilson JR et al.: Hyperbaric oxygen in the treatment of migraine with aura, Headache: Feb 1998 , vol 38, 112-115.

fr:Balanced Health Today

hiperbarik untuk migraine (dr.erick supondha; dokter konsultan ahli hiperbarik)

Head Injuries Improved With Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Head Injuries Improved With Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

The head trauma sustained during a motor vehicle accident is the most common killer among young adults, the aged and children. Getting medical treatments to this area of the body is paramount because the brain resides in this location and any brain function loss could mean loss of several motor skills as the minutes tick by. Injuries of the head and body were found to have improved significantly with hyperbaric oxygen therapy administered at local hospitals.

Patients are placed in a hyperbaric oxygen therapy chamber and infused with a moderate pressure environment that is filled with 100 percent pure oxygen. The patient can be conscious or unconscious when hyperbaric oxygen therapy is given. These treatments could continue at home while the patient is recovering from surgery and while at the hospital being treated by physicians for injuries sustained in any accident. Most people would associate hyperbaric treatments with diving accidents. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy will also prove beneficial for treatment of migraines, autism, Parkinson’s disease and a realm of other ailments.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy chambers are available for rent through private vendors by the month or the oxygen therapy units can be purchased outright for long-term home care needs. Patients feel relief from many ailments after experiencing one treatment in the hyperbaric chamber. Patients are not tasked to perform but one function while in the chamber and that is to breathe.

Masks are worn while inside the hyperbaric oxygen therapy chamber in order to receive the influx of pure saturation of oxygen to the body. The overall experience achieved during and after the time in the hyperbaric oxygen therapy chamber will be excellent and previous users have stated that they felt elated and euphoric afterwards. Most of all, healing of the injuries was noted and pain levels had decreased. To those afflicted with head injuries that had received hyperbaric oxygen therapies, they felt that their head injuries had improved greatly. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy has improved many lives.

Patients with head injuries are in a debilitated state when they come out of surgery. Lots of healing must take place and the first location that many surgeons like to send their patients is to the hyperbaric oxygen treatment room. Organs are saturated with life healing oxygen and the brain is but one organ that benefits from this type of oxygen therapy first and foremost. The Food and Drug Administration has approved hyperbaric oxygen chamber therapy for any ailments and others will be added to the list in time.

Portable units of the hyperbaric oxygen therapy chamber feature no straps or buckles. They are lightweight and measure 36 inches in diameter. At 108 inches long, it can accommodate individuals of any height and the strong materials can accommodate a varying level of weight limits in the patients that use it. There are viewing windows on the hypobaric oxygen therapy system which makes it perfect for people who have visitors throughout the day. Head injuries take time to heal, and these units can speed that process along considerably.

fr:Balanced Health Today

hiperbarik untuk cedera kepala (dr.erick supondha; dokter konsultan ahli hiperbarik)

Cerebral Palsy and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Cerebral Palsy and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

The term "cerebral palsy" is not a specific diagnosis, but is now generally applied to children who experience some forms of brain trauma either at the time of birth or shortly before. Typically, these children manifest some degree of cognitive impairment as well as physical impairment, often with weakness and spasticity of arms and legs. Typically treatment for children with cerebral palsy has been directed at the physical manifestations of the underlying problem. Most efforts are directed at increasing the ranges of motion, reducing spasticity, and increasing strength, along with specific therapies designed to enhance communication skills and academic performance.

Evidence from other countries is now providing strong support for the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy to improve the underlying problem in children with cerebral palsy. Hyperbaric oxygen actually targets the abnormalities of brain function. This offers an exciting new approach for treatment.

Studies show that the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in children with cerebral palsy is linked to its enhancing the function of previously damaged neurons (brain/nerve cells). These neurons have been called "idling neurons" in that while they are still alive, they have been damaged to the extent that their function is compromised. Hyperbaric oxygen facilitates the restoration of these damaged neurons which improves brain function and the nervous system. The use of Hyperbaric oxygen to help children with cerebral palsy is becoming more widespread in the United States.

"I would like to thank you for all of your support in searching for help for our son Tim. Two years ago, Tim walked with a forearm crutch due to his cerebral palsy. Without his crutch he could walk very short distances typically in our house only. He could only stand without support for maybe 10-15 seconds if he was really lucky. The muscles in his legs were just way too tight and his balance was off. After years of therapy, botox treatments, oral baclofen and even muscle lengthening surgery, I was starting to lose hope that he would ever walk independently. You can imagine how disappointed we were after trying so many options that although he had made progress we just could not get rid of the reliance on an assistive device. Then, my mother-in-law recommended that we try hyperbaric oxygen therapy, HBOT. I was very skeptical. I thought if it really worked everyone would know about it and everyone would be using it. Despite my better judgment, we went ahead and tried it. I felt like it would be like opening our car window and throwing $4,000 away. After 40 treatments in 20 days, he could walk much farther without his crutch. Although he still fell often, his balance was definitely improved. He went from standing for only 10-15 seconds to 1-2 minutes. Another side benefit was he used to having a few times a day involuntary shudders, these had gone completely away. We really could not believe it!"
Thank you for everything!”

fr:Balanced Health Today
hiperbarik untuk cerebral palsy (dr.erick supondha/ dokter konsultan ahli hiperbarik)
Wounds and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Problem wounds are those which fail to respond to established medical and surgical management. Such wounds usually develop in patients with multiple local and systemic factors contributing to poor tissue healing. These include diabetic foot ulcers, compromised amputation sites, vascular insufficiency ulcers (ulcers with poor circulation) and non-healing traumatic wounds. All share the common problem of tissue hypoxia (low tissue oxygen levels), usually related to impaired circulation.

Diabetic foot wounds are one of the major complications of diabetes and an excellent example of the type of complicated wound which can be treated with hyperbaric oxygen. Many diabetics have impaired arterial circulation in their feet and have great difficulty with wound healing of foot ulcers.

The elevation in tissue oxygenation which occurs in the hyperbaric chamber induces significant changes in the wound repair process that promote healing. When the hyperbaric chamber is used in conjunction with standard wound care, improved results have been demonstrated in the healing of difficult or limb threatening wounds.

fr:Balanced Health Today
pengobatan luka dengan hiperbarik (dr.erick supondha;dokter konsultan ahli hiperbarik)

Alzheimer’s Hope To Be Had With Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Alzheimer’s Hope To Be Had With Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy or HBOT is a painless procedure in which patients are exposed to increased pressure, allowing greater absorption of oxygen throughout body tissues that will result in many healing and therapeutic effectuation floods oxygen in areas in our body where it is oxygen starved thereby stimulating regeneration and cell growth.

HBOT is a US FDA approved treatment for 13 indications and is now widely used in the USA, UK and China. It is used for the treatment of such neurological disorders like Cerebral Palsy, Autism, Stroke, Alzheimer's disease, ADD/ADHD, immune dysfunction, spinal cord injury, anoxic brain injury, near drowning and other off-label indications.

HBOT started out as a medical treatment to speed up and enhance the body's natural ability to heal. Today it is now an approved modality that is most often used as an enhancement therapy for wide variety of medical conditions. It is a non-invasive method. It uses 100% oxygen under increased atmospheric pressure in a controlled hyperbaric chamber.

Alzheimer's, the most common form of dementia is diagnosed in people over 65 years of age. It is thought to be incurable, degenerative and a terminal disease. There is an estimated 26.6 million people worldwide that have Alzheimer's in the year 2006 and the number could quadruple by 2050.

And like you I don't want that number to quadruple in 2050. And HBOT maybe the answer to make those numbers dwindle. So please do help me spread the news about HBOT, help me spread the hope that this modern therapy may bring.

Single and double bag hyperbaric chambers that measure 34 inches in diameter and 105 inches long are already available. These hyperbaric chambers feature a proven strap and steel reinforcements system. Their high strength zippers and straps do take some 60 seconds or more to apply but there are Demo video in websites that make instructions more easier to understand.

These hyperbaric chambers also can fit both child and adult at the same time and their extra long zippers make entry and exit easy for those who have disabilities or injuries. Single bag chamber can be operated solo by anyone while the double bag chamber would need two hands to operate solo especially for people who are disabled or injured.

Hyperbaric chambers can be rented or bought. Rent for a month for single bag chambers cost at $2,000 and $2,675 for double bag chambers. The single bag chamber are sold at $12,000 and $16,900 for double bag chamber.

If you know someone close who is suffering from Alzheimer's try talking to them about HBOT. It may be able to cure their pains. It will also give them hope in life. Start talking about HBOT. Start helping lives.

fr:Balanced Health Today
Alzheimer’s dengan hiperbarik (dr.erick supondha;dokter konsultan ahli hiperbarik)

hyperbaric for Add / Adhd

Could Add / Adhd Be Caused By Lack Of Oxygen?

Here is something old, hyperbaric oxygen treatment or HBoT has been used by scuba and deep sea divers to relieve themselves of a fatal condition called decompression sickness or the bends. The bends is caused when deep sea divers come up to the surface too quickly. Afflicted divers are placed in a pressure vessel that replicates the pressures the body experiences underwater in a pure oxygen environment.

Here is something old, in the 1980s the king of pop Michael Jackson proclaimed to everybody that by getting hyperbaric oxygen treatment he would live up to 150 years old. He was seen as a quack by many back then and nothing has changed for Mr. Jackson.

But here is something new, hyperbaric oxygen treatment is now recognized as an effective treatment for other problems such as sores and wounds that are hard to heal. Here is something new still, Doctors and new-age therapist now recommend hyperbaric oxygen treatment as a cure for a wide range of problems including Attention-deficit hyperactivy disorder or ADD/ADHD.

Studies have already suggested that children who have ADD/ADHD have reduced regional cerebral blood flow. Studies also have shown that ADD/ADHD have been linked to environmental toxins that are known to aggravate the syptoms. And oxygen through HBOT will help in cleansing the body of these toxins.

HBOT with the use of oxygen will flush those toxins out and help cells and tissues to heal and regenerate form their harmful effects. HBOT will increase the availability of oxygen to the brain and enhance cognitive functioning. Brain scans have already proven this. There is a significant increase in brain function in patients who have undergone HBOT.

Parents also attest to this. Their children after taking HBOT have become more calmer, less mood swings, sleep better and have better bowel function. Their children also enjoy and look forward to their next schedule for the hyperbaric oxygen treatment. What's not to enjoy? HBOT is a safe, non-invasive and non toxic treatment. Hyperbaric chambers are also very spacious that adult and child can both fit at the same time. Parents even read books or play a game in the hyperbaric chamber with their child during the treatment. Some even watch movies on portable dvd players .The treatment also takes an hour. So what's not to enjoy about that?

So if you know someone who has got ADD/ADHD. It might help them to know that there are now alternative medicines in curing ADD/ADHD especially when conventional medicines have failed. By just talking about it you also get to help someone. Have a healthy life.

fr: Balanced Health Today

ADD/ADHD dengan hiperbarik (dr.erick supondha; dokter konsultan ahli hiperbarik)

hyperbaric for autism & CP

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Shows Promising results for Autism

Autism is a mysterious disease-condition-behavior disorder which causes a complex neurological disorder that typically occurs within the first 3 years of life, that results in developmental disabilities.

Children will seemingly develop normally until 18 -24 months at which time an alarming regression in their development occurs and they may stop speaking and begin to lose interest in their surroundings and interactions with other people. Autism occurs two to four times more frequently in boys than in girls.

There are many theories as to the cause of Autism such as abnormal cerebral blood flow to areas of the brain, high fevers, birth trauma, brain injury, infections, reactions to vaccines (some reports implicate MMR) or lack of oxygen before, during or after delivery. Other theories suggest mineral deficiencies such as calcium, iron and zinc either in utero or after birth or fat and protein deficiencies.

The use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for autism has been used in many countries worldwide. The results are varied and the individual reports from families and health professionals are encouraging. There are many testimonies on the net from families who have taken HBOT for their autistic child with varied results, mostly very encouraging.

HBOT increases the oxygen tissue concentration which increases cerebral blood flow to an area thus enabling the body to restore brain tissue metabolism of oxygen and nutrients, helping restoration of any areas which are suffering from hypoxia. New blood and oxygen begin to stimulate an area, especially one that has viable, recoverable brain cells that are "idling neurons" not knowing what to do instead of function normally.

HBOT reduces swelling or excess fluid in the brain that might be pressing on centres of the brain which cause "confusion" in their function ability. HBOT has been demonstrated to exert positive objective changes from a safe, adjunctive therapy that has been overlooked by most healthcare professionals. Parents are encouraged to educate themselves on this new dynamic use of HBOT so they can make informed decisions for the future of their child.

The following study, testimony and article is just an example of the information one can obtain from the internet. The testimony is from one of our patients treated here at Reimer Hyperbaric.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) adjunctive role in the treatment of Autism — Trish Planck, Hyperbaric Clinical Director

Autism is a complex neurological disorder that typically occurs within the first three years of life that results in usually severe developmental disability. Its incidence in the population is estimated to be 1 in 500 with a prevalence of boys to girls of 4 to 1. The ensuing effects of the disease result in severe impairment in areas of social interaction and communication and in some individuals self- injurious behavior may occur.

Presently there are no effective cures for this disease as little is known as to the etiology. Diet, psychotropic medications and other regimens have been tried with mixed and often disappointing results. Recently a therapy that has been in and out of favor has been shown to be of possible benefit in the treatment of this disease.

Initial results were objective improvements in a variety of diverse phenomenon. Each child demonstrated global reduction in aggressive behavior. Parental summaries all stated substantial decrease in tendency to rage or exhibit tantrums. All children were reported to be easier to engage when the parent wished to initiate communication with marked improvement of direct eye contact.

All three children enrolled in a school program displayed higher achievement with better performance and less instruction in classroom assignments. All children were improved with regard to understanding verbal commands. Reasoning abilities were noticeably enhanced in all individuals.

Clinical improvement was substantiated by pre and post treatment SPECT SCAN brain imaging which displayed enhanced neurophysiologic function in at least one of the members of this study.

The aim of hyperbaric oxygen therapy as an adjunct therapy was to evaluate the efficacy of the treatment in a series of 40 initial treatments, one or twice daily at 1.5 ata to 1.75 ata using a monoplace Sechrist chamber on 100% oxygen for a total time of 60 minutes per treatment.

Patients were treated for 5 days consecutively with two days off. HBOT has been demonstrated to exert positive objective changes on a limited cohort of autistic children as evidenced by subjective and objective parameters. HBOT would seem to be useful and safe adjunctive therapy in the treatment of Autism.

B. M.
Autistic and Cerebral Palsy

Thirteen year old boy hearing impaired, mentally delayed and non-verbal. 3 Spect Scan images were taken of the brain at baseline, mid and after the 115th treatment:

* Progress while undergoing hyperbaric oxygen therapy:
* Major improvement in interactions with family members.
* Plays with family pets.
* Major improvements in understanding verbal commands.
* Beginning to verbally communicate.
* Responds to knocks at the door and answers the door in a normal manner
* Major improvements in balance, especially when he starts to fall, he is able to regain his balance with a faster response. He cross patterns down the steps without holding on.
* He is no longer raging/destructive of things in the home.
* Sits through movies with more understanding.
* Better understanding of public surroundings.
* When music is played he responds in singing tones.
* Hearing has improved and is no longer required to wear hearing devices.
* Responds to things/awareness-like waiting for the school bus in the morning through the window.
* Plays with various types of toys with more understanding.
* Loves to work in the house and yard with Dad.
* Mimics everything you ask him to do.
* Is able to dress himself, is caring for himself in a independent manner.
* Doing better in school with his assignments.
* Happier child and smiles more.

Z. M.
Eleven year old boy with profound autism, who is non-verbal, and is still in diapers. Progress since undergoing hyperbaric oxygen therapy:

* Major increase in understanding.
* More eye contact.
* Behavioral changes are easier to handle and function in public place, less aggressive, raging stopped and is much happier.
* New ability to mimic simple vocal sounds-of major importance as pre-language sounds he makes have more tone and syllables.
* Shows more interest and contact with his brother, increase in all interactions with others.
* Accepts new people, places and situations easier.
* Plays with a wide range of toys, instead of only one object.
* Less sound sensitive.
* Higher functioning in all ways.

Z. M. never noticed people let along mimic anything they did. He now mimics vocal tones and tuning forks and is more aware of sounds and things that people do. Parent gives credit to hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

Ten year old boy, high functioning with verbal skills and mimics.

* Exhibiting receptive manner
* Easier to engage.
* Exhibiting great internalization of emotions.
* Less tantrums.
* Classroom achievement improved.
* Completing work without re-direction and accuracy improving daily.
* Easier to reason with especially in the home environment.
* Open to re-direction with rages.
* Great willingness to work and stay focused through all classroom assignments.
* Much better transitioning, and flexible, open to variety of mediums with little assistance needed.
* Much improved relatedness in sharing his emotions.

Abnormal Regional Cerebral Blood Flow In Childhood Autism

Takashi Ohmishi, Heroshi Matsuda, Toshiaki Hashimoto, Toshiyuki Kunihirok, Masami Nishidawa, Takeshi Uema and Masayuki Sasaki

Departments of Radiology, Psychiatry and Child Neurology, National Center Hospital of Mental, Nervous, and Muscular Disorders, National Centre of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira City, Tokyo, Japan

Correspondence to: Takeshi Ohmishi, Department of Radiology, 4-1-1 Ogawa higashi, Kodairs City, Tokyo, Japan 197-0031

Neuroimaging studies of autism have shown abnormalities in the limbic system and cerebellar circuits and additional sites. These finding are not, however, specific or consistent enough to build up a coherent theory of the origin and nature of the brain abnormality in autistic patients.

Twenty-three children with infantile autism and 26 non-autistic controls matched for IQ and age were examined using brain-perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with technetium-99m ethyl cysteinate dimer. In autistic subjects, we assessed the relationship between regional cerebral blood flow(rCBF) and symptom profiles. Images were anatomically normalized, and voxel-by-voxel analyses were performed.

Decreases in rCBF in autistic patients compared with the control group were identified in the bilateral insula, superior temporal gyri and left prefrontal cortices. Analysis of the correlations between syndrome scores and rCBF revealed that each syndrome was associated with a specific pattern of perfusion in the limbic system and the medical prefrontal cortex.

The results confirmed the association of (i) impairments in communication and social interaction that are thought to be related to deficits in the theory of mind (ToM) with altered perfusion in the medial prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate gyrus, and (ii) the obsessive desire for sameness with altered perfusion in the right medial temporal lobe. The perfusion patterns suggest possible locations of abnormalities of brain function underlying abnormal behavior patterns in autistic individuals.

5 year old boy treated at Reimer Hyperbaric (testimony)
We miss you !!!! Time has flown since we returned from Canada. We had such a nice time while we were there and will always be most grateful for your friendship and hospitality.

Things at home are going well, it took a little time to get settled in again, the children adapted very easily to the changes, although they miss all of you too. The changes in Christian are wonderful! He continues to speak much more often and in a "conversational" manner, which we are so thankful for.

For your records, I will give you a little background information on Christian and the changes that have occurred as a result of hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

Christian was 2 weeks overdue, and as a result, labour was induced. The procedure did not progress well and the labour and subsequent emergency C-section were very difficult. Christian was deprived of oxygen before & during delivery. The hospital records stated he suffered "mild to moderate hypoxia" and fetal distress. His apgars were ok and he did have a birth cry. He had suffered lung damage (double pneumothorax) as well as oxygen deprivation.

He lost a lot of weight in the hospital and we stayed 4 days. He was released and we went home - thinking everything was fine. Christian was breast fed and he did very well except that he seemed to have "colic", although it wasn't the normal colic, he never outgrew it (usually happens at 4 months).

He was an extremely happy baby, even though he was in pain a lot. He never slept well and was awake most of the 24 hours of the day. At 4 months he suddenly developed "clenched fists" first one, then the other. They were severely clenched with thumbs out. He had an EEG - no seizures activity noted. He has a MRI, which showed no tumours or abnormalities.

The hands stayed clenched until about 16 months of age, where it sort of "wore itself out". He never developed proper use of his hands and fingers for fine motor. His "pointer" fingers are stunted in growth and usually icy cold.

Christian was never able to tolerate food, solid or other until I forced him to eat around 2 years of age. It was devastating to do so, but I had no choice. He had many sensory difficulties, noise was devastating to him, clothes were intolerable, smells made him gag.

He didn't develop speech although he walked at 8 months, sat unassisted at 4 months and was running - fast at 1 year old. He was still very happy and friendly although as he got older his eye contact considerably lessened. He would connect for a very brief period and run away. In a group setting he would go to be on his own, preferably in a room by himself.

He was very physical and ran, climbed and jumped all the time. He was constantly in motion. He developed "eye ticks".

We were told that he had:

(1) a definite neurological disorder
(2) possibly autism
(3) possibly tourettes syndrome
(4) definitely sensory integration disorder
(5) definitely receptive (less) and expressive (more) language disorder

We were told - this is it, he will never be "normal" teach him sign language and get on with your life - don't try to "fix" him, it won't happen.

We never gave up on Christian and more importantly, Christian never gave up on Christian. Through much very hard work, tolerance, acceptance and love, Christian did progress. We found what we needed and we did it, simple as that. When he was 5, we decided he needed hyperbaric oxygen therapy and we were right, he did need it and these are the changes that occurred as a result.

(1) Although his sensory difficulties were already decreased, they did so even more after HBO- (we did 40 treatments). What occurred that is really wonderful is that his internal thermostat (which was defective especially in his fingers) has stabilized! His fingers are not icy cold anymore and his has completely stopped biting his nails and fingertips. There were always raw and bleeding.

The tissue is healed and he doesn't bite them at all anymore. His hands look more normal and less stunted in growth. This is not wishful thinking, its really true. He also grew 1 whole inch from Dec. to Feb..

(2) His receptive ability is so much better. He understands consequences and can follow directions so much better. He doesn't seem "confused" like he did before.

(3) His expressive ability with language is outstanding. He actually talks on the phone and carries on a two-way conversation. His replies are no longer just one word. His desire to use language is much more pronounced. His teachers are amazed and very happy with the changes. They report that he is much better at "talking with" the other children and interacting in general.

(4) Although Christian was always a loving child, he is much more demonstrative now. he hugs and kisses his friends, spontaneously runs into Grandma's arms and tells her he loves her. He has more access into "our" world and is happier because of it.

Christian has overcome so very much in his life, many times thru very painful and difficult and frightening aspects. He has always remained loving, trusting and open. He deserved the chance to overcome his difficulties thru a non-invasive, pleasant atmosphere, where he doesn't have to work so hard. HBOT gave him this. We will always be so grateful for the opportunity to help him thru this method and grateful for the wonderful people who have allowed it to happen thru their hard word and dedication. That's you guys.

J., G., C., & C

fr: Balanced Health Today
autis dan cerebral palsy dengan hiperbarik (dr.erick supondha; dokter konsultan ahli hiperbarik)

Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy


My husband suffered strokes in August 2006 that resulted in total loss of short-term memory, slurred speech, and difficulty walking. The doctors said he may never recover, and if he did it would take at least two years. Now, after only two months of hyperbaric therapy his memory is back, and his speech and walking are normal. His energy has improved. Dr. Saft is one of the most caring individuals we have ever met. We can't thank him enough for what he has done for us. Marge H.

Conditions that harm the brain have a wide reach. Whether from a stroke (vascular accident) or a traumatic brain injury, the results impair the whole family.
The loss, or potential loss, of hopes, dreams, and expected joys and accomplishments is a loss suffered by all of those who care.

Brain damage has a wide reach; it damages the whole family.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is not a cure . . . . but it can often help.

Following is a MUST SEE video from the Montel Williams Show.

Even though science now knows better, the “old-school” idea still often remains: that once an area of the brain has been damaged by a stroke, TBI (traumatic brain injury), or near drowning, that nothing or very little can be done to restore the function of that area.

Recent scientific research has demonstrated that while the core-area of the damaged brain tissue may be irreversibly damaged, there is an area surrounding this tissue that hyperbaric oxygen therapy can restore and these neurons (brain/nerve cells) can re-establish their function.

The majority of tia, stroke and brain injuries are caused by blood vessel obstructions, such as a blood clot, that cuts off blood flow and oxygen to parts of the brain. This results in the death of nerve cells within a very short time. These dying brain cells begin to swell due to their cell walls breaking down, allowing fluid to move into the cells. As these cells swell, they begin to expand into the surrounding tissues. This causes constriction of the blood vessels in the surrounding tissues, which then causes a lack of oxygen to these previously normal cells. These surrounding cells then begin to swell as well. This gradually increasing, damaged, hypoxic tissue surrounding the original injury is called the "ischemic penumbra," and contributes up to 85% of the disability resulting from a stroke. The cells in this secondary area have the potential of being restored to near-normal, and sometimes normal function.

The neuroscientist Dr. Cyril B. Courville wrote, "crippled nerve cells may persist in the margins of wounds of the brain for many years." Astrup, Siesjo and Symon suggested that within these damaged margins, idling neurons are present. They are metabolically lethargic and are non-functional, because of low oxygen levels and secondary damage. But they remain viable and are subject to being revived with hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

Proof of this dormant life of the brain’s cells has been demonstrated with the use of SPECT brain scans done before and after a series of hyperbaric oxygen therapy. In the journal Stroke, Dr. Richard Neubauer, a pioneer in the use of this therapy for treating various neurological diseases, reported outstanding results in a group of 122 stoke patients treated with HBOT. In one case, significant functional improvement was noted when Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy was used 14 years after the initial stroke.

These studies by Dr. Richard Neubauer conclusively demonstrate the development of new blood vessels to the rim of tissue surrounding the area of the brain that had been damaged.

These newly formed blood vessels resulting from the hyperbaric oxygen therapy can then bring fresh blood (oxygen) and nutrients to the damaged tissue. The tissue begins to repair itself and returns to normal or near-normal. These "resuscitated" neurons gradually reconnect to the rest of the brain. These revived neurons and their connections help to return the use of lost cerebral and bodily functions.

Hyperbaric therapy does not resurrect dead brain tissue, but it can facilitate the functioning of those dormant, idling nerve cells that have suffered secondary damage by stroke due to diminished oxygen. Oftentimes, the brain area suffering secondary damage is a larger part of the brain than that which suffered the primary damage. This area of secondary damage to the brain (the ischemic penumbra) is the area that HBOT helps.

Improvements have been achieved, gains have been made, even with patients who are more than a decade post-stroke.

Note: TIA: Transient Ischemic Attack, is a "mini stroke", or "warning stroke" that often produces mild stroke-like symptoms but usually no lasting damage. A TIA is often a forecast of a full-fledged stroke on the horizon, which makes this a good indicator for beginning this therapy.

Day after day, patients are overcoming the bleak forecasts about recovery from their stroke or traumatic brain injury, using Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

fr: Balanced Health Today
stroke dengan hiperbarik (dr.erick supondha; dokter konsultan ahli hiperbarik)

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT)

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) is a procedure where a patient is placed into a module called a hyperbaric chamber and subjected to high pressure 100% oxygen, with the intention of stimulating healing for certain medical problems. Even though it’s considered for payment as a therapeutic procedure, there’s still a lot of controversy involved in its use.

Using atmospheric pressure to treat patients isn’t new. The process was actually introduced in the 1600s by a British clergyman. Oxygen didn’t become the gas of choice until the 1930s, when the military got into it. It was found that oxygen saturates the hemoglobin in the blood, and can help patients with routine wounds heal faster.

The overall issue with hyperbaric oxygen therapy is that there aren’t a lot of medical schools that actually teach physicians about it because the equipment is too expensive. Truth be told, not many hospitals have it for the same reason, although there are some companies in major cities that have portable machines and offer them as rentals for hospitals. These reasons make it so many doctors are unfamiliar with the practice and how it works, this may be why some doctors do not trust its effectiveness all that much.

Another issue is that it’s not 100% safe. Any time a patient is put under artificial pressure, problems can occur. Some people have suffered minor injury to their lungs, their eyes, and their nasal airways; most of the time, the injuries are temporary. On rare occasions, patients suffer temporary blindness.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is not recommended to be used on patients who are suffering from things such as asthma, high fever, and seizures; pregnant women should also avoid this type of therapy. One last thing that sometimes happens is known as decompression sickness, which occurs when the pressure is being released. The symptoms seem to be similar to what someone who does underwater diving sometimes experiences after they come back to the surface.

There are also some maladies that hyperbaric oxygen therapy has been said to help with such as autism, diabetic neuropathy, inflammatory bowel disease, and multiple sclerosis. None of those have been proven by significant studies, but suffice it to say that the practitioners who use this therapy are always trying to find new things that it can help with.

fr: Balanced health today
hiperbarik oksigen terapi (dr.erick supondha; dokter konsultan ahli hiperbarik)